Learn simple Russian phrases

We want to help you learn important and most common Russian Phrases and Sentences. This guide from Russian Translation Pros is for those who are about to travel to Russia, Ukraine or a Former Soviet Union Republic and need to know basic phrases. Russian language is still very popular and commonly spoken language on the Post-Soviet states. You can ask more specific Russian Questions an experienced Russian translator on our Russian Translation Forum for free or on our Facebook or Google+ page.

The first entry is an English word or phrase, second entry is Russian Transliteration, and third entry is its transcription. So, here we go:

Russian salutation and saying bye

Hi - Privet (prieve't);
Hello - Zdravstvuite (zdra'stvujte);
Good morning - Dobroe utro (Do'braje ootra);
Good afternoon - Dobryj den' (do'brij den') [Good afternoon among Russians are more used than among Americans, so don't neglect using this phrase.]
How are you? - Kak Dela? (kak dela');
I'm fine - U menja dela horosho (u mjenja' djela horosho');
Not bad - ne ploho (ni plo'ha)
Bad - ploho (plo'ha)
Glad to see you - Rad tebya videt (ra'd tibja' vee'dit');
Good bye - Do svidania (da sveeda'nija)
Bye - poka (paka') [this word is more commonly used, especially among friends.]
Good night - spokoinoi nochi (spako'inoi no'chi)


Self introduction in Russian, questions

My name is John - Menja zovut Dzhon (mjenja' zovu't John);
What is your name? - Kak tebja zovut? (ka'k tjebja' zovu't);
I'm from name of country - Ja iz name of country (ja ee'z name of country) [usually country names in Russian are pronounced the same (or almost the same) as in English language];
I speak English - Ja govoryu po angliiski (Ja gavarju' pa anglee'jski);
I can speak little Russian - Ja mogu nemnogo govorit' po-russki (ja magoo' nimno'ga gavaree't' pa rooskih);
Can you speak English? - Vy mozhete govorit' po-angliiski? (vi mo'zhiti gavaree't' pa anglee'jski);
Do you speak English? - Ti govorish po-angliiski (ti' govori'sh po angli'iski);
I'm smart, funny, kind, handsome, successful - Ja umnyi, smeshnoi, dobryj, simpatichnyj, uspeshnyj (ja oo'mnyi, smeshno'i, do'bryi, simpatee'chnyi, uspe'shnyi; [you can add/remove adjectives after 'Ja' to better fit your profile/character when introducing yourself.]
Do you understand? - Ty ponimaesh (ti paneema'esh)
How old are you? - Skolko vam (formal) tebe (informal) let (skolko vam/tebe let)
I'm _____ years old - Mne _____ let (mne ____ le't)

Basic words and phrases

YES - DA (da);
Not/No - Net (nie't);
OK - Horosho (horosho'); And (preposition) - i (ee, more like in meet);
But - No (no'h, not like in English word "No", but like in nob);
Of course - konechno (kane'shna)
Where? - gde (gde')
When? - kogda (kagda')
How? - kak (ka'k)
Why? - pochemu (pachemu')
Who? - kto (kto')
How much? - skolko (sko'lko)
I want - ja hochu (ja ha'chu)
I don't want - ja ne hochu (ja ne ha'chu)
I like - mne nravitsja (mne nra'vitsja)
I'm sorry - Ja izvinjajus' (ja izvinja'jus')
Let's go - Poidem (pajdjo'm)
I know - ja znaju (ja zna'ju)
I don't know - ja ne znaju (ja ni zna'ju)
I forgot - Ja zabyl (ja zabi'l)
Here - Vot (vo't) [when giving something to someone]


Appreciation in Russian, answers

Thank you very much - Bolshoe spasibo (balsho'je spasee'ba);
Thank you - Spasibo (spasee'ba);
You're welcome - Pozhaluista (pazha'lusta)
I really appreciate it - Ja eto ochen' tsenju (ja e'ta o'chen' tsenju')
My dear - Moja Dorogaja (moia' doroga'ia );
Sweetie - Solnyshko (so'lnishko);
Sexy - Seksualnaja [to female] (seksua'lnaja), seksualnyj [to male] (seksua'lnyj)
I love you - Ja tebja Lublu (Ja tjebja' ljublju');
Cool! - Kruto! (kru'to) [if you are to say this, Russian Women will be very amazed and surprised to hear this Russian slang word from a foreign man or a woman];
Crazy - sumasshedshaja [to female] (sumasshe'dshaja), sumasshedshij [to male] (sumasshe'dshij);
Congratulations! - Pozdravljaju - (pazdravlja'ju)
Good luck - Udachi (uda'chi)

Loving and Supporting Phrases in Russian language

Russian women like other women in the world will melt in your hands when you start using these love phrases and sentences. But these words should come from the bottom of your heart and you should really mean it when pronouncing them. You can add and mix these phrases and show your support to your beloved one. It became very popular to use tender names of animals when you refer to your soulmate. You can choose the one that corresponds to your person. For your convenience and easy learning, you will find a Russian love phrase, then equivalent of it in English and a phonetical translation of the words. Your pronunciation doesn't matter that much, because the person you address the words to will most probably correct you or will find your accent very attractive and you will see a smile of your beloved woman or man.

Сладенькая моя - My sweetheart - Sla'deenkaja maja;
Ангелочек мой - My angel - Angilo'chik moi';
Апельсинка моя - My orange - Apelsi'nka maja;
Белочка моя - My squirrel - Be'lachka maja;
Бельченок мой - My little squirrel - Bilcho'nok moi;
Котик мой - My cat - Ko'tik moi;
Кошечка моя - My little cat - Ko'shechka maja;
Котенок мой - My little kitty - Kotyo'nok moi;
Моя богиня - My Goddess - Maja bagee'nja;
Нежная девушка - My tender girl - Ne'zhnaja de'vushka;
Ласковая девушка - Affectionate girl - La'skavaja devushka;
Любимая девушка - Loving girl - Lyubi'maja devushka;
Сладкая ягодка - Sweet berry - Sla'dkaya ya'gadka;
Солнышко яркое - Bright sunshine - So'lnishko ja'rkaje;
Лапусик - there is no translation for this word, but it's a very cute one - Lapoo'sik;
Малышка - Babe - Mali'shka;
Рыбка моя - My little fish - Ri'bka maja;
Красавица - My beauty - Krasa'vitsa;
Девочка моя - My little girl - De'vachka maja;
Умненькая девочка - Smart girl - U'mninkaja de'vachka;
Кнопочка - Little button - Kno'pachka;
Цыпа - Little chicken - Tsi'pa;
Игривая моя - My playful girl - Eegree'vaja maja;
Сладкоешка - A person who loves eating sweets - Sladaye'shka;
Моя самая красивая девушка - My most beautiful girl - Maja' sa'maja krasee'vaja de'vushka;

You can also make up your own Russian love phrases by adding and mixing these words:

My - Моя - Maja' - you can put this pronoun in the beginning of your phrase or sentence.

And then you can use one of these adjectives that express your emotion towards the woman:

Стройная - Slim - Stro'jnaja;
Красивая - Beautiful - Krasee'vaja;
Заботливая - Caring - Zabo'tlivaja;
Очаровательная - Charming - Achirava'telnaja;
Сексуальная - Sexy - Seksua'lnaja;
Нежная - Tender - Ne'zhnaja;
Добрая - Kind - Do'braja;
Привлекательная - Attractive - Privleka'telnaja;
Милая - Darling - Mee'laja;
Умная - Smart - U'mnaja;
Неповторимая - Unique - Nipavtaree'maja;
Страстная - Hot - Stra'snaja;
Пушистая - Bushy - Pushee'staja;
Веселая - Cheerful - Visyo'laja;
Романтичная - Romantic - Ramantee'chnaja;
Единственная - The only one - Yedee'nstvenaja;
Желанная - Desirable - Zhila'naja;
Лучшая - The best - Lu'chshaja;
Скромная - Decent - Skro'mnaja;
Сладенькая - Sweet - Sla'dinkaja;
Улыбчивая - Smiling - Uli'bchivaja;
Ароматная - Sweet-scented - Arama'tnaja;
Игривая - Playful - Igree'vaja;
Любимая - Beloved - Lubee'maja;
Дорогая - Dear - Daraga'ja;

The list can go on and on, there are so many nice, loving and tender words that you can name your woman...

And at the end you can add a noun for your beloved woman:

Девушка - Girl or Girlfriend - De'vushka;
Женщина - Woman - Zhe'nshina;
Девочка - Little girl - De'vachka;
Красавица - Beauty - Krasa'vitsa;
Умница - Clever girl - U'mnitsa;
Подруга - Girlfriend - Padroo'ga;
Солнышко - Sunshine - Solnishko;

So, if you want to say 'My dear woman' - you would put it like: Моя дорогая женщина.